Healing Practices in the Westlands

In nations across the Westlands, Aes Sedai—particularly those of the Yellow Ajah—are known to be the preeminent healers in the world. Even in places such as the Two Rivers, which hadn’t seen an Aes Sedai visitor in generations until Moiraine’s arrival, stories persist of their awesome abilities and the miraculous recoveries their powers are able to bring about.


“Wisdom of the Two Rivers-Nynaeve” by Endave on DeviantArt.

But, particularly given the scarcity of Aes Sedai and the mistrust that many feel towards them, the healing profession as practiced outside of Tar Valon is both robust and of central importance to communities throughout the land. In smaller towns and villages, one central figure (frequently aided by an apprentice) often simultaneously fills the roles of doctor, nurse, pharmacist, and midwife; larger towns and cities, meanwhile, will often boast numerous healers who offer their services and sell herbs and ointments in their shops.


Typically, practitioners and dispensers of medicine in the Westlands are women; Melfane Dawlish comments, for instance, that in Caemlyn “no one would buy herbs from a man” or “have a man midwife” (KoD, Ch. 35). There is, however, one nation that stands as a notable (and perhaps unsurprising) exception: Amadicia. Because women who practice healing are often accused of being Aes Sedai in Amadicia, it is more common for men to fill this role there (TFoH, Ch. 10). Elsewhere, however, women who are healers are well-respected for their knowledge and often play a leading role in their communities—as indicated by the very titles given to them, which can differ from nation to nation or region to region: Wisdom (Two Rivers), Wise Woman (Ebou Dar, Tear), Reader (Cairhien), Mother (Altara, Andor, Tear).


In most cities and nations, healing as a profession does not appear to be regulated by a single body or group, with the exception of Ebou Dar; the Wise Women of Ebou Dar, recognizable by the red belts they wear, are all members of the Kin and follow their rules. In smaller towns and villages, Wisdoms and the like are selected by the Women’s Circles; thus, although The Wheel of Time Companion states that it is “very rare for a Wisdom to be removed from office before her death,” there is, however, oversight of a type in other ways.


While most healers throughout the Westlands seem to be general practitioners of medicine, taking care of everything from curing fevers and headaches to delivering babies to stitching up wounds, there does occasionally appear to be at least some specialization or differentiation between roles. Essande, for instance, who is one of Elayne’s maids, makes the distinction that her niece is a midwife, although she also “dispenses herbs and ointments from a shop on Candle Street” (KoD, Ch. 15).


Who’s your favourite healer (Aes Sedai nor not!) in The Wheel of Time?

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This Month in Randland: Adar


In just a few days, on April 12, the Randland month of Adar will begin. The fifth month of the year in the Farede Calendar[1], Adar possesses 28 days and corresponds to our own dates of April 12 – May 9.


There are several known feasts that take place during the month of Adar, although very little are known about them. On the ninth day of Adar (April 20), the Feast of Neman is celebrated throughout the Borderlands as well as in Andor, Cairhien, and Tear. Meanwhile, nearer to the end of the month, on the twenty-first day of Adar (May 2), the Feast of Freia is observed in the countries of Altara, Arad Doman, Ghealdan, Illian, Murandy, and Tear (Companion).


A little harder to pin down is Tirish Adar, which takes place from “The rise of the first full moon in Adar until the rise of the next moon” (Companion). Tirish Adar appears to have been celebrated only in the northern countries, or else to have been celebrated differently in northern countries and southern countries, as The World of Robert Jordan’s “The Wheel of Time” specifies that “In most northern countries, no one sleeps more than an hour or two” throughout Tirish Adar. Since moon phases in Randland are unknown, it is impossible to tell the dates with which Tirish Adar would correspond in our own world. There is, in fact, no full moon that will take place between April 12 and May 9 in the year 2020.


Finally, of interest is the fact that in the year 1000 NE, Adar falls during the inexorable lead-up to Tarmon Gai’don. The epigraph to The Gathering Storm contains an entry from a scholar’s journal, made on the Feast of Freia, which describes how “The ordinary” had become “twisted and strange,” with “the dead […] beginning to walk.”



[1] The Farede Calendar came into use after the end of the War of the Hundred Years. There are thirteen months with twenty-eight days each.

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TarValon.Net’s January – March, 2020 Wrap-Up

Here’s what’s happened at TarValon.Net over the last few months!











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A Thousand Words: Bel Tine

It certainly isn’t spring everywhere in our own world right now, but in Randland, Bel Tine is celebrated right around this time–and in about three weeks, TarValon.Net will kick off its traditional Bel Tine festivities.


Associated with renewal and growth, Bel Tine is a festival celebrated in communities all over Randland to signal “the end of winder, the first sprouting of crops and the birth of the first lambs” (Companion).


In honour of Bel Tine and beautiful, growing things, here are some of the flowers and trees that crop up throughout the series. Which ones do you recognize?


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Rafe Judkins Instagram Q&A Transcript, March 22, 2020

This evening Rafe Judkins, showrunner of Amazon Prime’s adaptation of The Wheel of Time, hosted  a Q&A on Instagram. If you’re looking for a full transcript, look no further!



rafejudkins: I’ve been sick the last 2 weeks, but I’m better and answering WoT ?’s 😀


Q: Will the show have any connection to that abomination of a pilot that red eagle put out

rafejudkins: nope! 🙂


Q: What part of the books should you be caught up on for the first season?

rafejudkins: Depends on if you like to read something before you watch it or not.


Q: What are you finding most challenging about going from book to screen?

rafejudkins: The hardest thing is the physicality of production. ?In the first book alone they go to more than 20 villages and cities. To try to do that is physically impossible for the show, so most of the work we don [sic] in the room is geographical, figuring out how to condense the story an dove it through places we can physically create.


Q: Do you have a favourite chapter from the whole saga? Mine is Veins of Gold.

rafejudkins: So many. But Honey in the Tea is one off the top of my head.


Q: Who is your favourite actor from NZ that you’ve cast?

rafejudkins: Lucy Lawless. But that was another show. [angel emoji] @reallucylawless


Q: We can’t wait to see Elayne, Aviendha and Min [eyes emoji]

rafejudkins: Me either. Three of my favourites.


Q: Should Amazon do a better job of engaging fans love of theory & speculation. Pls embrace us!!

rafejudkins: I love theory and speculation! What can they do to better engage you? Send suggestions and I’ll forward them along! 🙂


Q: Has any post-production work begun or does that not start until filming is completed?

rafejudkins: Nope! We do it simultaneously. Before the corona hit, I was prepping 2 episodes, shooting 2 episodes, in post on 4 episodes and writing Season 2 simultaneously 😮


Q: Will there be a soundtrack? Who’s the composer?

rafejudkins: Of course! David Buckley. Plus a few incredible musical guests we’ve already had.


Q: Are Min/Elayne in season 1?

rafejudkins: TWWaTWW


Q: Are you going to merge Min and Elayne?

rafejudkins: Hell no


Q: First moment you were speechless on set?

rafejudkins: First time walking into Emond’s Field with my mom


Q: Is mat fluent in the old tongue yet? 😛

rafejudkins: We’ve had a couple cast members speak it already and they NAILED IT


Q: Which character has your favorite costume so far?

rafejudkins: Ooo this is tough. Probably Geofram Bornhald.


Q: How is the cast and crew weathering the pandemic?

rafejudkins: Our team in Prague did an amazing job of getting everyone out and keeping them safe. And now everyone”s home and we all live on Instagram.


Q: Who is your favorite Forsaken?

rafejudkins: Ahhh. I love the ladies. Graendal, Lanfear, Moghedien. And Ishamael holds a special place in my heart the more time I spend with him.


Q: What’s been your favourite shooting location so far?

rafejudkins: Slovenia! Spectacular stuff there


Q: Yes or no. Have you had to make any cuts be it a scene or character, that has been painful for you?

rafejudkins: Yes.


Q: How are you planning to handle the visualization of the weaves? Any little tidbits?

rafejudkins: We are trying to stay as true to the books as possible. I’ve been giving a bunch of VFX folks long diatribes about channeling, weaves, threads, earth vs. air, etc and they [sic] early stuff has started coming in. It looks FUCKING AWESOME. I screamed when Rosamund started channeling


Q: Similar to Thom performing in an old Inn, what other iconic moment filmed stands out to u?

rafejudkins:  Rand and Tam walking through the Westwood


Q: Blink twice if Min is in season 1.

rafejudkins: [two winking emoticons]


Q: Will Jeff Probst be one of the Aiel? Can you make some calls?

rafejudkins: If he dies [sic] his hair red 😉


Q: Which WOT book title best describes your self isolation experience?

rafejudkins: A Memory of Light…


Q: Can we expect a trailer for the show anytime soon?

rafejudkins: Probably not for a long while sadly.


Q: Can you guys do a big WOT Wed announcement during the hiatus to keep all us fans hyped instead of al

rafejudkins: Yeah! It would cheer us all up and we have some fun news


Q: Is Lan going to be as much or an absolute stud in the show as he is in the books?

rafejudkins: You’ve seen @danielhenney right?


Q: If you were an Aes Sedai, what Ajah would you choose?

rafejudkins: Such a good question. They all have merits but GREEN for the win. If only to hang with @priyankabose20


Q: Any funny behind the scenes stories?

rafejudkins: I once walked up to Rosamund’s dummy to say hello and then pretended to check its makeup and told everyone they were doing great work


Q: Will we have to wait till season 2 to see any Aiel? (Other than Rand)

rafejudkins: Nope And the one you see will shock you. Haha. Amazon shouldn’t let me be on here when I’ve been cooped up for a week.


Q: RJ writes a lot of internal headspace stuff. What’s 1 hint on how the show will handle that?

rafejudkins: That’s the biggest difficulty of any novel adaptation. Figuring out how to make the internal monologue come out clearly to the audience. A lot of the changes we make and stories we tell differently are designed to serve exactly that purpose–showing you what those characters internal monologues from the books are without them just saying it out loud in exposition


Q: Are you using taller actors to portray the Aiel, or camera trickery?

rafejudkins: Trying to get tall folks. But I’m less concerned with height and more concerned with acting ability.


Q: Since JordanCon was cancelled, can we maybe get an extra treat next month?

rafejudkins: Sure! What do you want?


Q: Do you have a favorite Wise One?

rafejudkins: Avi


Q: How many trollops do I have to take out to become a writing assistant?

rafejudkins: Violence is never the answer


Q: What would you say the CGI to practical ratio is going to be?

rafejudkins: Trying to do as much in camera as we possibly can!


Q: How are you handling sword forms and their names?

rafejudkins: We have a for real sword master on the show who walks into every room and tests out everything as a weapon. He could most definitely kill me with any item in my office.


Q: How are the horses on set? Is Mandarb spectacular?

rafejudkins: They are os great. Honestly I love our horses. Mandarb and Aldieb are downright sexy


Q: When will we get more casting announcements to hold us over?

rafejudkins: I’ll try to get them to put out something soon. A lot of folks in all departments are affected by the state of the world right  now though, so I can’t promise a timeline


Q: Will we see the prologue from the Eye of the World on screen in season 1

rafejudkins: You will hear that phrase


Q: What has been your favorite set so far?

rafejudkins: Fal Dara!


Q: Please tell me you’ve cut Narg!

rafejudkins: Never!!


Q: To what extent has Harriet McDougal been involved with the project?

rafejudkins: She’s a consulting producer so she’s been out to Prague to the sets and reads all the scripts and sends me her notes on them. She and Maria are hugely helpful for maintaining the truth of the series and always keep me honest when it comes to things that change too much


Q: Is any aspect of the show still in development, or has it all stalled because of the virus?

rafejudkins: A lot can be done virtually! I’m still doing VFX, editing and the Season Two Virtual Writers Room! And I can do it all in pyjamas


Q: Did you read The way of kings or Mistborn? Please make a tv adaptation for them too

rafejudkins: Read both. Love both.


Q: Will min, elayne, and avienda have to be combined into a single character?

rafejudkins: Girl you crazy. I’m not going to combine huge characters like that. Maybe sometimes a minor character folded into a more major one to make better use of our cast but nothing nutso


Q: RJ created 1000’s of character. Given that did you feel the need to create new characters?

rafejudkins: Anyone “new” is inspired by characters int he books or a number of characters combined. If we paid to cast all speaking roles in the book we could only afford to have a radio play


Q: So far, what is your favorite prop in the show?

rafejudkins: Great Serpent Ring. We all want one.


Q: Will Loial portray the Ogier species, or will he be humanised for screen?

rafejudkins: He’s an Ogier!


Q: How involved, if involved at all, is Sanderson in the writers room?

rafejudkins: Brandon is hugely helpful. I talked to him before we started Season Two while he was in Prague to get advice and he reads all the scripts and gives notes. He’s incredibly thoughtful and understands the process of adaptation and what’s required from it. I feel so lucky to have him involved. I would have him do more if I could


Q: What words of hope would you offer a fan afraid that the show will cut out a lot of content?

rafejudkins: I genuinely think we are cutting less than most people think. When I see people ask questions like “are you cutting Min?” It blows my mind. I don’t know how you do an adaptation without some of these characters. I think it’ll be more of the smaller stories you’ll miss. We can’t have Rand and May [sic] travel to many many inns on their travels across the countryside for instance. It’s just not producible. So that will be more of what you miss I think, and the books always exist to read for that 🙂


Q: I think Bella is such an important character, will the same horse play bella through the series

rafejudkins: We’ve already had to have two Belas. It turns out a horse for riding on film is not the same as a horse for pulling a card and SHE MUST DO BOTH


Q: Can you please make sure you do a great job? Book are so great

rafejudkins: This is a really good idea


Q: Now you’ve met them, settle the score: who’s better with women? Rand, Mat or Perrin?

rafejudkins: I think they’d all say it’s the other


Q: Will the show be understandable for those who didn’t read the books?

rafejudkins: That’s the idea. If there are little things they don’t get though, luckily google exists


Q: Who is your favorite Aes Sedai in the books? And you can’t say Moiraine/Siuan or the Wonder Girls

rafejudkins: So many rules. I honestly love all of them though (except Galina that bitch) Alanna Liandrin and Verin are probably my Top 3. And Siuan! There’s too many I love. Sheriam! Pevara!


Q: How has it been to work with your incredibly talented cast? Also…dinner’s ready.

rafejudkins: Okay I have to go eat now. I think I did this right. Next time I’ll use different colours. I don’t know why it was pink and orange the whole time.


rafejudkins: Sorry I didn’t get to everyone’s questions. Genuinely more than a thousand came through in like 15 minutes. I will try to do this again soon. Hope everyone is safe and sound and has a boyfriend who makes them dinner when they’re sick. If you don’t, mine is for sale.

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